The word HATHA can be devided into the Sanskrit name HA, meaning SUN and THA for MOON. Both belong together, the same as Ying /Yang, Hot / Cold, Active/Receptive, etc. “bringing opposites together”. The Sanskrit name of
YOGA is YUj, it means UNITY or TO JOIN. Yoga combines physical and mental exercises with the goal of balancing the body and mind, to bring them in harmony. So while doing our exercises the goal is to include the mind. We come into a pose, stay in there for a certain time (beginners may stay for 1 to 3 breathing cycles, advanced for more) and be connected with the breathing at the same time in that very moment.
Hatha Yoga comes from RAJA YOGA which is described in the YOGA SUTRA OF PATANJALI. It is a very complex form including:
- PRANAYAMA, BREATHING techniques and more /allows the energy to flow freely in the body
- ASANAS, these are the exercises/postures you mostly find in your Yoga classes
- MUDRAS, symbolic gestures
- BANDHAS, muscle force of parts of your body
- SHATKARMA purification or cleaning techniques
- MEDITATION Relaxation and Meditation techniques, may include Chakras, the centers of energy.
- tones and strengthens your muscles and your whole body
- increases your energy levels
- reliefs stiffness in your body and reduces body pain
- helps with concentration and coordination
- improves your breathing (good for people with ASTHMA)
- helps you to sleep better and deeper
- releases stress and relaxes your body
- may bring a balanced way of living, a connection to the inner self if we want that.